Clauses - Independent & Subordinate (Dependent)


Directions:
Complete this assignment and submit it using either the Wiki Message or an email attachment.

Information:
An incomplete sentence, or SENTENCE FRAGMENT, is often a subordinate clause. It looks like a sentence and has a subject and a verb, but it doesn't state a complete thought.
An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE is a complete sentence.
A SUBORDINATE CLAUSE is merely an independent clause with a SUBORDINATOR on the front of it.

Some common subordinators are: when, because, then, as if, while, since

EXERCISE 1

First, label each subject and verb in the following sentences.
Then, convert each of the independent clauses to a sentence fragment by inserting a subordinator.
Finally, create a title out of the sentence by leaving out words and/or rearranging the words.

Example: She (S) is helping (V) at home. (Sentence)
When she is helping at home (Fragment)
Helping at home (Title)

1- Grandpa (S) knew (V) the man. (Sentence)
Since grandpa knew the man. (Fragment)
The Man Grandpa Knew (Title)

2- The television (S) is (V) on the table. (Sentence)
Because the TV was on the table. (Fragment)
The TV on the Table (Title)

3- The earth (S) goes (V) around the sun. (Sentence)
When the earth goes around the sun. (Fragment)
The Earth Around the Sun (Title)

4- I (S) decided to move (V) to Toronto. (Sentence)
Then I decided to movie to Toronto. (Fragment)
Moving to Toronto (Title)

5- The job (S) opportunities were (V) limited. (Sentence)
While the job opportunities were limited. (Fragment)
Limited Job Opportunities (Title)

The correction for a sentence fragment, such as the ones that you created above, is to add an independent clause, after or before the fragment, to complete it.

EXERCISE 2

Add an independent clause to each of the fragments that you created
above to make each a complete thought.

Label the subject and verb in each of the clauses.

Be prepared to explain why your work is a complete sentence.

Examples: When she (S) is helping (V) at home, the work (S) is finished (V) sooner.

The work (S) is finished (V) sooner, when she (S) is helping (V) at home.

1.) Since grandpa (S) knew (V) the man, grandpa (S) helped (V) him.
Grandpa (S) helped (V) him, since grandpa (S) knew (V) the man.

2.) Because the television (S) was (V) on the table, Nikki (S) is watching (V) it.
Nikki (S) is watching (V) it, because the television (S) was (V) on the table.

3.) When the earth (S) goes (V) around the sun, the people (S) call (V) it "orbit".
The people (S) call (V) it "orbit", when the earth (S) goes (V) around the sun.

4.) Then I (S) decided to move (V) to Toronto, after a hurricane (S) destroyed (V) my house.
After a hurricane (S) destroyed (V) my house, then I (S) decided to move (V) to Toronto.

5.) While the job (S) opportunities were (V) limited, Jake (S) resigned (V) at his work.
Jake (S) resigned (V) at his work, while the job (S) opportunities were (V) limited.